Shade trees enhance the beauty of a landscape while also providing a sanctuary for wildlife. However, there are other advantages of having well-placed trees. In the summer, shade trees will help keep our homes cooler, saving both money and energy. Shade trees come in various shapes and sizes, and they are ideal for a wide range of climates and planting zones. Consider trees that grow fast if you’re looking for trees that can make an immediate impact.
Weeping Willow (Salix Babylonica)
With annual growth rates of more than two feet, this classic shade tree is also a fast grower. 2 Although weeping willows thrive near water, several hybrids are better suited to drier environments.
The tree’s shallow, extensive roots can clog sewers and drains. Weeping willow trees can grow to be 30 to 50 feet tall with a similar distribution. Plant the tree away from cities and underground pipes for residential use.
Texas Red Oak (Quercus Buckleyi)
This lovely, fast-growing oak variety can provide not only a lush canopy but also a steady supply of acorns each year, which squirrels, deer, and turkeys devour. The deciduous tree’s foliage is dark green most of the year, but it becomes a striking shade of red in the fall.
Northern Catalpa (Catalpa Speciosa)
The catalpa, also regarded as the cigar tree or Catawba, has big showy flowers that add to the appeal of having this shade tree in your yard. The tree attracts bees, but it’s the dense canopy of big, heart-shaped leaves that makes it truly magical. The catalpa drops a significant amount of debris per season, so all those lovely flowers and leaves have to go somewhere
One can Plant the catalpa away from structures, walls, property lines, and septic systems and leave plenty of room for it to expand.
Red Maple (Acer Rubrum)
The red maple provides shade and a burst of colour in the fall when the leaves turn a bright red before falling. The red maple grows quickly—two to five feet each year on average—before reaching a height of 40 to 70 feet, providing privacy and shade for your home or yard.
At maturity, this medium-sized tree will have a 30- to the 50-foot canopy. Since the red maple tree’s roots are shallow, it’s best to plant it away from driveways, sidewalks, and other pedestrian areas.
American Sycamore (Platanus Occidentalis)
The American sycamore tree, also known as the American plane tree, can reach enormous heights. Sycamores are commonly found near rivers and ponds, but they can also be grown in residential yards if there is enough room. Sycamores in the United States grow at a moderate to the quick pace, around two feet per year, eventually reaching a mature height of 75 to 100 feet or more.
The tree’s spread is 75 to 100 feet, and these majestic trees will live for 250 years or more. The American sycamore produces a lot of debris, and wind and ice will damage the limbs of these huge trees.
River Birch (Betula nigra)
The river birch, also known as the black birch or water birch, is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to the eastern United States. One and a half to three feet per year is the rate of growth for this tree. The river birch can reach a height of 40 to 70 feet and a spread of 40 to 60 feet when fully mature.
Because of its rapid early growth, prolific seed development, and fast germination, the river birch is considered a pioneer species. These adaptable, heat-tolerant trees are ideal for riverbanks, but they can also thrive in residential landscapes with the help of soaker hoses to keep the soil moist.
The length of the growing season, frost dates, temperatures, annual rainfall, and soil type all differ by area, so not all of these shade trees will be suitable for your yard. Speaking with an expert at an online nursery is the best way to find the right fast-growing shade trees for your area.